The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on higher education: Opportunities and implications for policy and practice
pp. 7-12 | Published Online: March 2021 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2021.101.1
Background/purpose – Besides many psychological, sociocultural, political, and economic problems, the COVID-19 pandemic has also led to radical changes in education systems worldwide, and the current pandemic has probably revealed the biggest education crisis in human history. The COVID-19 pandemic also offered significant opportunities to redesign higher education and to develop and implement effective teaching-learning strategies. The purpose of this article is to discuss the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on higher education from a global perspective.
Materials/methods – This paper is a review article; presenting a brief literature review on the COVID-19 pandemic and higher education.
Practical implications – This article is aimed at inspiring both researchers and practitioners with regards to future research perspectives on COVID-19 and higher education. In this context, the responses of higher education institutions to the global education crisis caused by the current pandemic were examined, and some solution proposals were developed for policymakers and higher education professionals.
Conclusion – The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the worldwide education community acknowledging the fact that urgent adoption of an online emergency remote teaching approach was both necessary and inevitable.
Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, higher education, emergency remote teaching, online teaching, online learning, distance education, global education
Relationships among childhood experiences, happiness and social media addictions in adolescents
pp. 13-26 | Published Online: March 2021 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2021.101.2
Background/purpose – The use of social media has become commonplace among adolescents. However, excessive use of social media causes addiction in some cases. In this context, it is considered important to investigate the factors related to social media addiction. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships among childhood experiences, happiness, and social media addiction in adolescents.
Materials/methods – In the study, correlations between childhood experiences, happiness, and social media addiction among adolescents were tested with the structural equation model. The research involved 314 adolescents, and the Social Media Disorder Scale (SMDS), The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short Form (OHQ-SF), and the Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ) were used as data collection tools. SPSS 21 and AMOS programs were used for data analysis.
Results – The results of the path analysis indicated that negative childhood experiences negatively and directly affect happiness, whilst happiness negatively and directly affects social media addictions, negative childhood experiences positively and indirectly affect social media addictions, negative childhood experiences negatively affects happiness, and unhappiness positively affects social media addiction.
Conclusion – The current study's results have shown that negative perceived childhood experiences can negatively affect individuals emotionally and behaviorally during adolescence.
Keywords: Childhood experiences, happiness, social media addiction, adolescent.
The relationship between problematic online game usage, depression, and life satisfaction among university students
pp. 27-45 | Published Online: March 2021 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2021.101.3
Zuhtiye Nur Yazici and Hatice Kumcagiz
Background/purpose – In this study, the relationship between problematic online game usage, and depression and life satisfaction levels of university students was examined.
Materials/methods – The research was conducted according to the relational screening model, with a sample consisting of 401 university students. The research data were obtained using the Beck Depression Inventory, the Problematic Online Game Use Scale, the Contentment with Life Assessment Scale, and a Personal Information Form prepared by the researchers. The data obtained were analyzed using Pearson Correlation Analysis, Independent Sample t-test, and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).
Results – The results of the study show that the relationship between students’ use of problematic online games and their depression levels to be moderately positive, and revealed a low-level, negative relationship between life satisfaction levels. In addition, students’ problematic online game use, depression, and life satisfaction levels were analyzed according to the variables of gender and grade level, and statistically significant differences were found to exist between them.
Conclusion – The study’s results revealed that as the use of problematic online games increased, the university students’ depression levels increased in parallel, and that the depression levels of female students were higher than for their male counterparts. Lastly, it was observed that as the university students’ use of problematic online games increased, their life satisfaction levels decreased.
Keywords: Problematic online game usage, depression, life satisfaction, university students