Cross-Cultural Leader Development in a University Club: An Autoethnography
pp. 7-17 | Published Online: September 2017 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2017.63.1
Jason Edward Lewis
There is a growing body of research on the organization, effectiveness, and strategies of leadership teams. Less research exists on such aspects in cross-cultural teams. Little is known about how team leadership can be used in cross-cultural university clubs and how such settings foster leader development. Within the framework of existing literature, this analytic autoethnography examines how I develop leadership skills in university students cross-culturally through a student choir club by utilizing a team leadership model. This study provides an understanding of how leader development can occur in university clubs in cross-cultural settings through employing a team leadership model. Student club advisors may benefit from knowing the benefits of consciously developing leadership skills with club members and some strategies of how to develop such skills. Students might recognize the advantages of clubs that can help them become better leaders. Current club leaders can see that leadership skills can be developed in all types of clubs, especially within a choir. University administrators can see the practical value of extra-curricular student clubs in developing leaders.
Keywords: international education, qualitative research, mentoring
Relationship Between Prior Knowledge and Creative Thinking Ability in Chemistry
pp. 18-25 | Published Online: September 2017 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2017.63.2
Dewi Satria Ahmar, Ramlawaty, Melati Masri, Ansari Saleh Ahmar
This study aims to determine the relationship between prior knowledge and creative thinking ability of 11th Grade science students. This research is ex post facto. The population for this research was 11th Grade science students at a public school in Takalar, Indonesia, and consisted of 39 classes with a total enrollment of 1,537 students. In selecting the sample, the study employed stratified purposive random sampling technique in order to select 134 of the 11th Grade science students (from SMAN 1 Takalar, SMAN 3 Takalar, SMAN 1 Polongbangkeng Selatan, and SMAN 3 Polongbangkeng Utara). The data was collected by using a prior knowledge test that consisted of 16 items (α = 0.883) and a verbal creativity test consisting of 18 items (α = 0.808). Data were analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The coefficient correlation between the two variables is 0.619 with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This value indicates the existence of a relationship between prior knowledge and creative thinking ability in chemistry students and that there is a positive relationship between the two variables.
Keywords: prior knowledge, creative thinking ability, chemistry
Development of a Scale for the Attitude Towards Children’s Rights Education
pp. 26-41 | Published Online: September 2017 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2017.63.3
Ayse Ozturk, Ahmet Doganay
The objective of this study was to develop a Scale for the Attitude Towards Children’s Rights Education (ATCRE) for teacher candidates. The study group was comprised of 550 classroom and pre-school teacher candidates in Turkey. Proofs regarding the construct validity of the scale were acquired via Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). A scale structure comprised of 20 items and three factors was reached as a result of EFA. It was determined that the three factors determined explain 68.188% of the total variance. CFA was carried out in order to check the validity of the construct acquired as a result of EFA. It was determined from the CFA fit indexes that GFI(.90), AGFI(.88) and NFI(.93) are at acceptable fit levels whereas X2/sd(CMIN/DF) (1.234), CFI(.99), IFI(.99), RMSEA(.039), SRMR(.039) are at perfect fit levels. Cronbach Alpha (internal consistency) reliability coefficients, test-retest reliability, item total correlations and item distinctiveness values were examined. Cronbach Alpha value for the whole scale was calculated as .914. Whereas the Cronbach Alpha values for the sub-factors of the scale were calculated respectively as .902, .930 and .881. In conclusion, it can be stated that a reliable and valid measurement instrument has been reached.
Keywords: children’s rights, children’s rights education, scale development, children’s rights education attitude, teacher candidates, teacher education
A Review of the Importance of Peer Instruction Argumentative Strategy (PIAS) in Science Learning
pp. 42-55 | Published Online: September 2017 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2017.63.4
Aina Jacob Kola
The paper believes the method a teacher employed in science class for instruction makes students’ learning difficult. A literature review of some common methods of teaching in science was done. The paper highlighted the conceptual framework of the Peer Instruction Argumentative Strategy (PIAS) and discussed the importance of PIAS to science learning. The paper recommended PIAS for science education classes based on its perceived advantages over the other teaching strategies.
Keywords: peer instruction, authentic learning, coaching and scaffolding, constructivism