Volume 12 Issue 3 (2023)

Educational Applications of the ChatGPT AI System: A Systematic Review Research

pp. 26-55  |  Published Online: July 2023  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.123.2

Ziyaeddin Halid İpek, Ali İbrahim Can GÖZÜM, Stamatios Papadakis, Michail Kallogiannakis


Background/purpose – ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence program released in November 2022, but even now, many studies have expressed excitement or concern about its introduction into academia and education. While there are many questions to be asked, the current study reviews the literature in order to reveal the potential effects of ChatGPT on education as a whole. The potential implications, possibilities, and concerns about the use of ChatGPT in education are disclosed as mentioned in the literature.

Materials/methods – The data of the study were collected and then subjected to a systematic review. Research findings were analyzed according to the themes and categories identified.

Results – The results of this research were examined under themes according to the positive and negative aspects of ChatGPT. The positive categories and sub-categories of ChatGPT’s integration into education were determined, and the relationship between education and artificial intelligence determined. Similarly, the negative category highlighted the potential negative impact of artificial intelligence on educational processes.

Conclusion – The reviewed research evaluated and discussed the impact of AI on education and training processes. In conclusion, this review revealed the critical applications of ChatGPT for educational settings and the potential negative impact of its application. The findings established how ChatGPT and its derivatives would create a new paradigm in education as a whole.

Keywords: ChatGPT, education, systematic review, ChatGPT and education


ALEKS. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence. https://www.aleks.com/

Aljanabi, M., Ghazi, M., Ali, A. H., & Abed, S. A. (2023). ChatGPT: Open Possibilities. Iraqi Journal for Computer Science and Mathematics, 4(1), 62-64. https://www.iasj.net/iasj/article/269126

Allen, M. (2022, December 26). Professor warns about chatbot cheating: Expect a flood. Axios. https://www.axios.com/2022/12/26/chatbot-cheating-university-warning-chatgpt

Alshater, M. M. (2022). Exploring the role of artificial intelligence in enhancing academic performance: A case study of ChatGPT. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4312358

Arthur, W. B. (2009). The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves. Free Press.

Aydın, Ö., & Karaarslan, E. (2022). OpenAI ChatGPT generated literature review: Digital twin in healthcare. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4308687

Baidoo-Anu, D., & Owusu Ansah, L. (2023). Education in the Era of Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI): Understanding the Potential Benefits of ChatGPT in Promoting Teaching and Learning. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4337484

Baker, M. J. (2000). The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a perspective view. Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Education, 11, 122-143.

Bijker, W. E., Hughes, T. P., & Pinch, T. J. (Eds.). (1987). The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. MIT Press.

Bishop, L. (2023). A Computer Wrote this Paper: What ChatGPT Means for Education, Research, and Writing. Research and Writing. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4338981

Bostrom, N., & Yudkowsky, E. (2018). The ethics of artificial intelligence. In R. V. Yampolskiy (Ed.), Artificial intelligence safety and security (pp. 57-69). Chapman and Hall/CRC.

Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27-40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027

Brainly. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence. https://brainly.com/

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Bushard, B. (2023, January 10). Fake scientific abstracts written by ChatGPT fooled scientists, study finds. Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/brianbushard/2023/01/10/fake-scientific-abstracts-written-by-chatgpt-fooled-scientists-study-finds/.

Butin, D. W. (2005). Is anyone listening? Educational policy perspectives on the social foundations of education. Educational Studies, 38(3), 286-297. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15326993es3803_8

Butin, D. W. (Ed.). (2014). Teaching social foundations of education: Contexts, theories, and issues. Routledge.

Carnegie Learning. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence. https://www.carnegielearning.com/

Chawla, R. (2022, December 26). What is ChatGPT? History, Features, Uses, Benefits, Drawbacks 2023. Updated Geek. https://updatedgeek.com/what-is-chatgpt/

Chia, O. (2023, January 1). Teachers v ChatGPT: Schools face new challenge in the fight against plagiarism. The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/tech/teachers-v-chatgpt-schools-face-new-challenge-in-fight-against-plagiarism

Choi, J. H., Hickman, K. E., Monahan, A., & Schwarcz, D. (2023). ChatGPT Goes to Law School. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4335905

Cognii. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence. https://www.cognii.com/

Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2014). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory (4th ed.). Sage.

Cotton, D., Cotton, P., & Shipway, J. R. (2023). Chatting and Cheating. Ensuring academic integrity in the era of ChatGPT. EdArXiv. https://doi.org/10.35542/osf.io/mrz8h

Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), 38-43. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2008.17.1.28059

Deng, J., & Lin, Y. (2022). The Benefits and Challenges of ChatGPT: An Overview. Frontiers in Computing and Intelligent Systems, 2(2), 81-83. https://doi.org/10.54097/fcis.v2i2.4465

de Winter, J. C. F. (2023). Can ChatGPT Pass High School Exams on English Language Comprehension.

Diamond, A. (2013). Executive functions. Annual Review of Psychology, 64, 135-168. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143750

Dowling, M., & Lucey, B. (2023). ChatGPT for (finance) research: The Bananarama conjecture. Finance Research Letters, 53, Article 103662. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.frl.2023.103662

Duong, D., & Solomon, B. D. (2023). Analysis of large-language model versus human performance for genetics questions. European Journal of Human Genetics. (Advance online publication). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41431-023-01396-8

Edwards, B. (2022, June 12). No Linux? No problem. Just get AI to hallucinate it for you. Ars Technica. https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2022/12/openais-new-chatbot-can-hallucinate-a-linux-shell-or-calling-a-bbs/

Etzioni, A., & Etzioni, O. (2017). Incorporating ethics into artificial intelligence. The Journal of Ethics, 21, 403-418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10892-017-9252-2

Firat, M. (2023). How ChatGPT Can Transform Autodidactic Experiences and Open Education? OSFPreprints. https://osf.io/9ge8m/

Gao, J. (2021). Exploring the Feedback Quality of an Automated Writing Evaluation System Pigai. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(11), 322-330. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/219987/

Gilson, A., Safranek, C., Huang, T., Socrates, V., Chi, L., Taylor, R. A., & Chartash, D. (2022). How Well Does ChatGPT Do When Taking the Medical Licensing Exams? The Implications of Large Language Models for Medical Education and Knowledge Assessment. medRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.12.23.22283901

Gordijn, B., & Have, H. T. (2023). ChatGPT: evolution or revolution? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 26, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-023-10136-0

Gozalo-Brizuela, R., & Garrido-Merchan, E. C. (2023). ChatGPT is not all you need. A State of the Art Review of large Generative AI models. arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2301.04655

Gözüm, A. İ. C. (2022). Digital games for STEM in early childhood education: Active co-playing parental mediation and educational content examination. In S. Papadakis & M. Kalogiannakis (Eds.), STEM, Robotics, Mobile Apps in Early Childhood and Primary Education: Technology to Promote Teaching and Learning (pp. 489-523). Springer Nature.

Gözüm, A. İ. C., Coşkun, M., & İpek, Z. H. (2019). The Endless Well in Early Childhood Period: Executive Functions in Classroom Activities. In F. Alisinanoğlu, V. Bayraktar, & A. İ. C. Gözüm (Eds.), New Horizons in Early Childhood Education (pp. 51-65). Klaipeda University, Lithuania.

Gözüm, A. İ. C., & Kandır, A. (2021). Digital games preschoolers play: parental mediation and examination of educational content. Education and Information Technologies, 26(3), 3293-3326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-020-10382-2

Greengard, S. (2022, December 29). ChatGPT: Understanding the ChatGPT AI Chatbot. eWeek. https://www.eweek.com/big-data-and-analytics/chatgpt/

Güçlütürk, Ö. Ü. O. G. (2022). ChatGPT ile üretilen içeriklerin eser niteliğinin 5846 sayili fikir ve sanat eserleri kanunu bakimindan değerlendirilmesi [The evaluation of the legal status of content generated via ChatGPT as copyrighted work under law no. 5846]. Galatasaray Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, 2022(2), 1899-1918. https://dosya.gsu.edu.tr/Sayfalar/2023/1/gsuhfd_c-21_s-2_aralik2022_dergi-452.pdf

Guo, B., Zhang, X., Wang, Z., Jiang, M., Nie, J., Ding, Y., Yue, J., & Wu, Y. (2023). How Close is ChatGPT to Human Experts? Comparison Corpus, Evaluation, and Detection. arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2301.07597

Gusenbauer, M. (2019). Google Scholar to overshadow them all? Comparing the sizes of 12 academic search engines and bibliographic databases. Scientometrics, 118(1), 177-214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-018-2958-5

Haque, M. U., Dharmadasa, I., Sworna, Z. T., Rajapakse, R. N., & Ahmad, H. (2022). “I think this is the most disruptive technology”: Exploring Sentiments of ChatGPT Early Adopters using Twitter Data. arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2212.05856

Hartmann, J., Schwenzow, J., & Witte, M. (2023). The political ideology of conversational AI: Converging evidence on ChatGPT’s pro-environmental, left-libertarian orientation. arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2301.01768

Heilweil, R. (2022, December 7). AI is finally good at stuff. Now what?. Vox. https://www.vox.com/recode/2022/12/7/23498694/ai-artificial-intelligence-chat-gpt-openai

Hern, A. (2022, December 4). AI bot ChatGPT stuns academics with essay-writing skills and usability. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2022/dec/04/ai-bot-chatgpt-stuns-academics-with-essay-writing-skills-and-usability

Higgins, J. P. T., & Green, S. (Eds.). (2011). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The Cochrane Collaboration.

Huh, S. (2023). Are ChatGPT’s knowledge and interpretation ability comparable to those of medical students in Korea for taking a parasitology examination? a descriptive study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, 20, https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2023.20.1

Jiao, W., Wang, W., Huang, J. T., Wang, X., & Tu, Z. (2023). Is ChatGPT a good translator? A preliminary study. arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2301.08745

Kaplan, A., & Haenlein, M. (2019). Siri, Siri, in my hand: Who’s the fairest in the land? On the interpretations, illustrations, and implications of artificial intelligence. Business Horizons, 62(1), 15-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2018.08.004

Karakose, T. (2023). The Utility of ChatGPT in Educational Research—Potential Opportunities and Pitfalls. Educational Process: International Journal, 12(2), 7-13. https://doi.org/10.22521/edupij.2023.122.1

Karakose, T., Demirkol, M., Yirci, R., Polat, H., Ozdemir, T.Y., & Tülübaş, T. (2023). A Conversation with ChatGPT about Digital Leadership and Technology Integration: Comparative Analysis Based on Human–AI Collaboration. Administrative Sciences, 13(7), 157. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci13070157

Karp, P. (2023, February 6). MP tells Australia’s parliament AI could be used for ‘mass destruction’ in speech part-written by ChatGPT. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2023/feb/06/labor-mp-julian-hill-australia-parliament-speech-ai-part-written-by-chatgpt

Kern, F. G. (2018). The trials and tribulations of applied triangulation: Weighing different data sources. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 12(2), 166-181. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689816651032

Kim, B. (2001). Social constructivism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology (pp. 55-61). Global Text.

King, M. R., & ChatGPT. (2023). A Conversation on Artificial Intelligence, Chatbots, and Plagiarism in Higher Education. Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering, 16, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12195-022-00754-8

Kitchenham, B. (2004). Procedures for performing systematic reviews. Software Engineering Group, Keele University, and Empirical Software Engineering. Joint Technical Report https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/document?repid=rep1&type=pdf&doi=29890a936639862f45cb9a987dd599dce9759bf5

Kitchenham, B., Pretorius, R., Budgen, D., Brereton, O. P., Turner, M., Niazi, M., & Linkman, S. (2010). Systematic literature reviews in software engineering–a tertiary study. Information and Software Technology, 52(8), 792-805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2010.03.006

Kutela, B., Msechu, K., Das, S., & Kidando, E. (2023). ChatGPT’s Scientific Writings: A Case Study on Traffic Safety. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4329120

Lakshmanan, L. (2022, December 16). Why large language models like ChatGPT are bullshit artists. Becoming Human: Artificial Intelligence Magazine. https://becominghuman.ai/why-large-language-models-like-chatgpt-are-bullshit-artists-c4d5bb850852

Larochelle, M., Bednarz, N., Garrison, J., & Garrison, J. W. (Eds.). (1998). Constructivism and education. Cambridge University Press.

Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2013). How Languages are Learned (4th ed.). Oxford University Press.

Lock, S. (2022, December 5). What is AI chatbot phenomenon ChatGPT and could it replace humans? The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2022/dec/05/what-is-ai-chatbot-phenomenon-chatgpt-and-could-it-replace-humans#:~:text=What%20is%20the%20AI%20bot,family%20of%20text%2Dgenerating%20AIs

Luckin, R., Holmes, W., Griffiths, M., & Forcier, L. B. (2016). Intelligence Unleashed: An argument for AI in Education. Pearson. https://www.pearson.com/content/dam/one-dot-com/one-dot-com/global/Files/about-pearson/innovation/Intelligence-Unleashed-summary.pdf

Lund, B., & Agbaji, D. (2023). Information Literacy, Data Literacy, Privacy Literacy, and ChatGPT: Technology Literacies Align with Perspectives on Emerging Technology Adoption within Communities. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4324580

Lund, B., & Ting, W. (2023). Chatting about ChatGPT: How May AI and GPT Impact Academia and Libraries? Library Hi Tech News, 40(3), 26-29. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-01-2023-0009

Mannix, L. (2022, December 13). Is AI coming of age – or starting to reach its limits? The Sydney Morning Herald. https://www.smh.com.au/national/is-ai-coming-of-age-or-starting-to-reach-its-limits-20221213-p5c5uy.html

Mercan, Z., Papadakis, S., Can Gözüm, A. İ., & Kalogiannakis, M. (2022). Examination of STEM Parent Awareness in the Transition from Preschool to Primary School. Sustainability, 14(21), Article 14030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142114030

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Sage.

Mijwil, M., & Aljanabi, M. (2023). Towards Artificial Intelligence-Based Cybersecurity: The Practices and ChatGPT Generated Ways to Combat Cybercrime. Iraqi Journal for Computer Science and Mathematics, 4(1), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.52866/ijcsm.2023.01.01.0019

Mitchell, A. (2022, December 26). Students using ChatGPT to cheat, professor warns. The New York Post. https://nypost.com/2022/12/26/students-using-chatgpt-to-cheat-professor-warns/

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & The PRISMA Group. (2009, August 18). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. Annuls of Internal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-151-4-200908180-00135

Newquist, H. P. (1994). The Brain Makers: Genius, Ego, And Greed in the Quest for Machines That Think. Macmillan

Nisar, S., & Aslam, M. S. (2023). Is ChatGPT a Good Tool for T&CM Students in Studying Pharmacology? SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4324310

OpenAI/ChatGPT. (2023). Retrieved from https://chat.openai.com/chat. 06.02.2023

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., ... & Moher, D. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. International journal of surgery, 88, 105906.

Pavlik, J. V. (2023). Collaborating With ChatGPT: Considering the Implications of Generative Artificial Intelligence for Journalism and Media Education. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator, 78(1), 84-93. https://doi.org/10.1177/10776958221149577

Qadir, J. (2022). Engineering Education in the Era of ChatGPT: Promise and Pitfalls of Generative AI for Education. In 2023 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON) Proceedings. IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON54358.2023.10125121

Querium. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence. https://www.querium.com/

Quinn, J., McEachen, J., Fullan, M., Gardner, M., & Drummy, M. (2020). Dive into deep learning: tools for engagement. Corwin.

Rahman, M. M., & Watanobe, Y. (2023). ChatGPT for education and research: Opportunities, threats, and strategies. Applied Sciences, 13(9), 5783. https://doi.org/10.3390/app13095783

Roose, K. (2022, December 5). The Brilliance and Weirdness of ChatGPT. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/12/05/technology/chatgpt-ai-twitter.html

Rosalsky, G., & Peaslee, E. (2023, January 17). This 22-year-old is trying to save us from ChatGPT before it changes writing forever. NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2023/01/17/1149206188/this-22-year-old-is-trying-to-save-us-from-chatgpt-before-it-changes-writing-for

Roscoe, R. D., Wilson, J., Johnson, A. C., & Mayra, C. R. (2017). Presentation, expectations, and experience: Sources of student perceptions of automated writing evaluation. Computers in Human Behavior, 70, 207-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.12.076

Rudolph, J., Tan, S., & Tan, S. (2023). ChatGPT: Bullshit spewer or the end of traditional assessments in higher education? Journal of Applied Learning and Teaching, 6(1), 342-363. https://doi.org/10.37074/jalt.2023.6.1.9

Shijaku, R., & Canhasi, E. (2023). ChatGPT Generated Text Detection.

Sok, S., & Heng, K. (2023). ChatGPT for education and research: A review of benefits and risks. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4378735

Steffe, L. P., & Gale, J. E. (Eds.). (1995). Constructivism in education. Psychology Press.

Stern, J. (2022, December 21). ChatGPT Wrote My AP English Essay—and I Passed. The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/chatgpt-wrote-my-ap-english-essayand-i-passed-11671628256

Sun, F. (2022). ChatGPT, the Start of a New Era.

Susnjak, T. (2022). ChatGPT: The End of Online Exam Integrity? arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2212.09292

Tabone, W., & de Winter, J. (2023). Using ChatGPT for Human–Computer Interaction Research: A Primer.

Tan, S. (2020). Artificial intelligence in education: Rise of the Machines. Journal of Applied Learning and Teaching, 3(1), 129-133. https://doi.org/10.37074/jalt.2020.3.1.17

The Guardian. (2022, December 8). The Guardian view on ChatGPT: an eerily good human impersonator. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/dec/08/the-guardian-view-on-chatgpt-an-eerily-good-human-impersonator

Thompson, D. (2022, December 8). Breakthroughs of the Year. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/newsletters/archive/2022/12/technology-medicine-law-ai-10-breakthroughs-2022/672390/

Tozer, S., Gallegos, B. P., Henry, A., Greiner, M. B., & Price, P. G. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of research in the social foundations of education. Routledge.

Tülübaş, T., Demirkol, M., Ozdemir, T. Y., Polat, H., Karakose, T., & Yirci, R. (2023). An Interview with ChatGPT on Emergency Remote Teaching: A Comparative Analysis Based on Human–AI Collaboration. Educational Process: International Journal, 12(2), 93-110. https://doi.org/10.22521/edupij.2023.122.6

Uludag, K. (2023). The Use of AI-Supported Chatbot in Psychology. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4331367

Van Laar, E., Van Deursen, A. J., Van Dijk, J. A., & De Haan, J. (2017). The relation between 21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 577-588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.03.010

Ventayen, R. J. M. (2023). OpenAI ChatGPT Generated Results: Similarity Index of Artificial Intelligence-Based Contents. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4332664

Vincent, J. (2022a, December 5). AI-generated answers temporarily banned on coding Q&A site Stack Overflow. The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2022/12/5/23493932/chatgpt-ai-generated-answers-temporarily-banned-stack-overflow-llms-dangers

Vincent, J. (2022b, December 8). ChatGPT proves AI is finally mainstream – and things are only going to get weirder. The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2022/12/8/23499728/ai-capability-accessibility-chatgpt-stable-diffusion-commercialization

Vincent, J. (2023, January 5). Top AI conference bans use of ChatGPT and AI language tools to write academic papers. The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2023/1/5/23540291/chatgpt-ai-writing-tool-banned-writing-academic-icml-paper

Wang, W., & Siau, K. (2019). Artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, robotics, future of work and future of humanity: A review and research agenda. Journal of Database Management (JDM), 30(1), 61-79. https://doi.org/10.4018/JDM.2019010104

Wenzlaff, K., & Spaeth, S. (2022). Smarter than Humans? Validating how OpenAI’s ChatGPT model explains Crowdfunding, Alternative Finance and Community Finance. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4302443

Willems, J. (2023). ChatGPT at Universities–The Least of Our Concerns. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4334162

Yudkowsky, E. (2008). Artificial intelligence as a positive and negative factor in global risk. In N. Bostrom & M. M. Ćirković (Eds.), Global catastrophic risks (pp. 308-345). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0021

Zawacki-Richter, O., Marín, V. I., Bond, M., & Gouverneur, F. (2019). Systematic review of research on artificial intelligence applications in higher education–where are the educators? International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 16(1), Article 39. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-019-0171-0

Zhai, X. (2022). ChatGPT user experience: Implications for education. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4312418

Zhai, X. (2023). ChatGPT for Next Generation Science Learning. XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students, 29(3), 42-46. https://doi.org/10.1145/3589649



EDUPIJ Statistics from Scopus

CiteScore: 1.8, view Scopus page

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

► Educational Process: International Journal is member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). 

► New issue coming soon! (Volume 12 Issue 4, 2023)