Volume 5 Issue 1 (2016)

Attachment Styles as Predictors of Stigma Tendency in Adults

pp. 7-21  |  Published Online: March 2016  |  DOI: 10.12973/edupij.2016.51.1

Cem Gencoglu, Nursel Topkaya, Ertugrul Sahin, Leyla Kaya

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between attachment styles and stigma in adults. Participants were 361 adults (186 females and 175 males) aged between 18 and 69 (M=31.77, SD=9.45). Participants completed the measurement instruments for determining their stigmatizing tendencies and attachment styles. Study results showed that, stigma tendencies of people with the secure attachment style are lower for the discrimination and exclusion, prejudgment and psychological health dimensions, and are higher for people with the fearful attachment style for the discrimination and exclusion, labeling and psychological health dimensions. Preoccupied and dismissive attachment styles are also positively associated with prejudgment tendency. Finally, stigma tendencies of males are more likely to be higher than females for the discrimination and exclusion, labeling and psychological health dimensions. Because different attachment styles are related variously to the subscales of stigma in this study, interventions to decrease stigma of individuals can verge to enhancing the quality of mother-child interactions.

Keywords: attachment styles, stigma, guidance, adults, counseling

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