Does School-Based Management Help to Improve Quality of Education? A Case of Student Achievement in Nepal
pp. 228-236 | Published Online: November 2018 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2018.74.1
Deependra P. Joshi
Several years after the adoption of decentralization policy in Nepal, quality of education is still a concern. The purpose of this article is to discuss the role of school-based management for quality education in general, and the effect of transferring school management to local communities for the improvement of student achievement in particular. This paper employs document analysis as a method to explore school management issues, and discusses various opportunities and upsetting factors with regards to the transfer of school management to local communities. Nepal’s historical perspectives on school management, the government’s policy shift to transfer school management to local communities and student achievement results from the Government of Nepal’s National Assessment of Student Achievement (NASA) reports have been discussed. The findings reveal that student achievement has been stagnant, if not declining, in spite of considerable achievement in access to education after partial decentralization of school management. The paper concludes that the process of policy reform should be driven by demands which can be ensured through participatory management of schools, a process that includes consultative decision making, accommodation of interests of diverse stakeholders and strong commitment of both school leaders and bureaucrats.
Keywords: school management, decentralization, quality education, student achievementReferences
Asian Development Bank [ADB]. (2002). Conceptual issues in the role of education decentralization in promoting effective schooling in Asian developing countries. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
Department of Education [DoE]. (2008). Samuday dwara vyabsthit vidhalyaharule gareka safal avyasko sangalo. Sanothimi. Kathmandu: Department of Education.
Department of Education [DOE]. (2011). A study on effectiveness of community managed School. Kathmandu: Department of Education.
Department of Education [DOE]. (2016). School level educational statistics of Nepal, Consolidated report 2015 (2072). Kathmandu: Department of Education.
Doll, W. E., Jr. (1993). A post-modern perspective on curriculum. New York. Teachers College Press.
Dury, D., & Levin, D. (1994). Douglas School-Based Management: The Changing Locus of Control in American Public Education. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement.
Education Journalist Group [EJG]. (2003). Transfer of school management to community. Kathmandu, Nepal: Education Journalist Group.
Education Review Office [ERO]. (2015). National assessment of student achievement: A glimpse of results 2015. Kathmandu, Nepal: Education Review Office.
Education Review Office [ERO]. (2016). A brief comparative report on student achievement, 2016 : Based on the national assessment of student achievement in 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 AD. Kathmandu, Nepal: Education Review Office.
Froomkin, J. T., Jamison, D. T., & Radner, R. (1976). Education as an industry. Cambridge, UK: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Hanushek, E. A., & Woessmann, L. (2007). Education quality and economic growth (Unpublished manuscript). World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Hanushek, E., Jamison, D. T., Jamison, E. A., & Woessmann, L. (2008). Education and economic growth (Unpublished manuscript). Harvard University, USA.
Khanal, P. (2010). School decentralization in Nepal: A disjuncture between macro-level advocacy and micro level reality? Educational Research for Policy and Practice, 9(3), 145-158.
Khanal, P. (2013). Centralization and decentralization reform in school education in Nepal: Tracing the swing of the pendulum. International Journal of Research Studies in Management, 2(2), 53-56.
Ministry of Education and Sports [MOE]. (2005). National curriculum framework for School education (pre-primary-12) in Nepal. Sanothimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal: Ministry of Education and Sports Curriculum Development Centre.
National Planning Commission [NPC]. (2003). Tenth plan (2002-2007). Kathmandu, Nepal: National Planning Commission.
National Planning Commission [NPC]. (2006). An assessment of the implementation of the Tenth Plan/PRSP 2005/06. Kathmandu. National Planning Commission.
Nepal Law Commission [NLC]. (2008). The education act, seventh amendment. Kathmandu: Nepal Law Commission.
Regmi, K. (2016). World Bank in Nepal’s education: Three decades of neoliberal reform. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 15(2), 188-201.
Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development [CERID]. (2009). Community managed schools an innovative approach to school management. Kathmandu: Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development.
RTI International. (2010). Health care financing in Nepal. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International.
Shrestha, K. N. (2014). Genuine efforts for quality in some community schools, some case studies. Kathmandu, Nepal: Department of Education.
World Bank. (2009). Implementation completion and results report. Kathmandu: World Bank.
World Bank. (2010). Project performance assessment report: Community school support project. Kathmandu: World Bank.
Call for Papers
EDUPIJ is calling for submissions to the Volume 8, Issue 2, 2019. Submission Deadline: March 31, 2019.
Note: Currently, the issue of EDUPIJ (Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2019) is being prepared for publication by the Editorial Office.