Assessment of Self-esteem, Locus of Control and Achievement Motivation of Female Students in Kwara State Colleges of Education, Nigeria
pp. 209-221 | Published Online: August 2018 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2018.73.5
Oluwaseun Tayo Olaoye, Damilola Daniel Olaoye
This study carried out an assessment of locus of control, self-esteem and achievement motivation of female students at Kwara State College of Education, Nigeria. 240 respondents were selected from each of the two colleges of education, purposively selected for the study making a total of 480 respondents. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire which was validated and tested for its reliability. Descriptive statistics were used in order to answer the research questions, while inferential statistics of multiple regression analyses were used to test the research hypothesis. The findings show that 66.67% of female respondents have internal locus of control and 33.33% have external locus of control; that 29.20% of the students have low self-esteem, while 70.80% have high self-esteem; and that 16.67% have low achievement motivation, while 83.33% have high achievement motivation. Finally, locus of control and self-esteem significantly predict achievement motivation of female students (F = 61.336; p < .05). However, it was recommended that parents should give adequate support and encouragement to their female children in order to maintain high achievement motivation spirit. The government of Nigeria should create an enabling environment capable of maintaining the growth of achievement motivation among female students by showing greater concern and interest for investment in engineering and industry.
Keywords: locus of control, self-esteem, achievement motivationReferences
Alao, I. A. (1979). Achievement dreams of selected Nigerian executives. (Unpublished undergraduate project). University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
Allen, G. J., Giat. L., & Cherney, R. J. (1974). Locus of Control, test anxiety and student performance in a personalized instruction course. Journal of Educational Psychology, 66(6), 968-973.
Bachman, J. G. (1970). Youths in transition 2: the impact of family background and intelligence on tenth boys. Michigan University. Ann Abor Institute for Social Research. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED041344.
Brockner, J., Derr, W. R., & Laing, W. N. (1997). Self-esteem and relations to Negative feedback: toward greater generalizability. Journal of Research in Personality, 21(3), 318-333.
Burger, M. B. (Ed.). (1993). Personality. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Corner, B., & Wightman, P. (2002). Correlates of locus of control among students. Journal of Personality Assessment, 41(2), 15-20.
Duke, M. P., & Nowicki, S. (1974). Locus of control and achievement: The confirmation of a theoretical expectation. Journal of Psychology, 87(2), 263-267.
Fitch, G. (1970). Effects of self-esteem, perceived performance and choice of casual attributions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 16(2), 311-313.
Fleming, J. S., & Watts, W. A. (1980). The dimensions of self-esteem: some results for a college sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(5), 921-929.
Hamachek, D. (1971). Encounters with the self. New York: Rinehart and Winston.
Heimreich, R., & Spence, J. (1993). Work and Family Orientation Questionnaire. In M. B. Burger (3rd ed., pp. xx-xx). Personality. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Horner, M. (1992). Toward and understanding of achievement related conflicts in women. Journal of Social Issues. 28(2), 157-175.
Jenkins, S. B. (1997). Need for achievement and women’s careers over 14 years: Evidence for Occupational structure effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(5), 922-932.
Johnson, P. B. (1981). Achievement motivation and success: Does the end justify the means? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(2), 374-375.
Korman, A. K. (1974). The psychology of motivation. New York: Prentice Hall.
Maruyama, G., Rubin, R. A., & Kingsbury, G. G. (1981). Self-esteem and educational achievement. Independent constructs with a common cause? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(5), 962-975.
Masqud, M. (1983). Relationships of locus of control to self-esteem, academic achievement and prediction of performance among Nigerian Secondary School Pupils. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 53(2), 215-221.
McClelland, D., C. Atkinson, W. J., Clark, A. R., & Lowell, L. E. (1993). Achievement motive. In M. B. Burger (Ed.), Personality (3rd ed., pp. xx-xx). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
McClelland, D. C., & Boyatziz, J. A. (1993). Achievement motivation of management officers of an organisation. In M. B. Burger (Ed.), Personality (3rd ed., pp. xx-xx). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Messick, S. (1976). Personality consistencies in cognition and creativity. In S. Messick & Associates (Eds.), Individuality in Learning (pp. xx-xx). San Francisco: Josey Bass.
Nowicki, S. Jnr., Duke, M. P., & Crouch, M. P. (1978). Sex differences in locus of control and performance under competitive and co-operative conditions. Journal of Education Psychology, 70(4), 482-486.
O’Leary, V. E. (1974). Some attitudinal barriers to occupational aspirations in women. Psychological Bulletin, 81, 809-826.
Procuik, T. J., & Breen, L. T. (2004). Locus of control, study habit and attitudes and college academic performance. Journal of Psychology, 81(11), 91-95.
Shittu, O. H. (1989). Effectiveness of motivation on job performance; Analysis of Vroom’s expectancy theory on Guinness Headquarters Nig. Ltd. Lagos (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
Silverman, R. E. (1995). Psychology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Strickland, B. R., & Haley, W. E. (Eds.). (1980). Sex differences on the Rotter I.E. scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(5), 930-939.
Tesing, E. P., Lefkwowitz, M. M., & Gordon, N. H. (1980). Locus of control and school achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology. 17(4), 506-510.
Weiner, B. J. (1972). Attribution theory of achievement motivation and the educational process. Review of Educational Research 42(2), 203-216.
Weiner, B. J. (1981). Statistical principles in experimental design (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.
Weiner, B. J. (1985). An attribution theory of achievement motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92(4), 548-573.
EDUPIJ is indexed in ERIC now.
►EDUPIJ is included in The Philosopher’s Index (Coverage: Volume 5, 2016 & forward).
The Philosopher’s Index is the premiere bibliographic database covering worldwide research in all subject areas of philosophy.
Thank you so much to the editorial board members, authors and reviewers for their contribution to Educational Process: International Journal.