Volume 7 Issue 3 (2018)

The Correlation of Metacognitive Skills and Learning Results Toward Students’ Retention of Biology Learning: Students Learning Only to Pass Examinations

pp. 171-179  |  Published Online: August 2018  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2018.73.1

Maria Yasinta Afoan, Aloysius Duran Corebima

Abstract

This research was conducted in order to uncover the correlation of metacognitive skills and learning results toward students’ cognitive retention at the implementation of SQ3R integrated with RQA, SQ3R, RQA and conventional learning. This descriptive-correlational research was conducted twice. The research population was all students of class XI Senior High Schools in Malang in the 2017/2018 academic year. The first research samples were the students of class XI Science 2, and 3 of Senior High School 5 Malang as well as Class XI Science 1, and 3 of Senior High School 9. The second research samples were the students of class XI Science 3, and 4 of Senior High School 5 Malang as well as class XI Science 2, and 3 of Senior High School 9. The results of the correlation regression analysis showed a correlation between metacognitive skills and learning results toward students’ retention at the implementation of the RQA learning model. There was no correlation found related to the implementation of SQ3R integrated with RQA, SQ3R, and conventional learning. The factor that might have caused this phenomena to occur is students learning only in order to pass the examination.

Keywords: conventional learning, learning results, metacognitive skills, retention, RQA, SQ3R

References

Anderson, J. R. (1995). Learning and Memory: An integrated approach (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Arends, R. I. (1998). Learning to Teach. New York: McGraw Hill.

Atkinson, R. C., & Shiffrin, R. M. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K. W. Spence, & J. T. Spence (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 2, pp. 89-195). Academic Press.

Bahri, A. (2010). Pengaruh Strategi Pembelajaran Reading, Questioning, and Answering (RQA) pada Perkuliahan Fisiologi Hewan terhadap Kesadaran Metakognitif, Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Mahasiswa Jurusan Biologi FMIPA Universitas Negeri Makasar [The Effect of Reading, Questioning, and Answering (RQA) Learning Strategy in Animal Physiology Lecture on metacognitive Awareness, metacognitive Skills and cognitive Learning Results of Biology Department Students of Mathematics and Science Faculty of Universitas Negeri Makassar]. (Unpublished thesis). Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Balitbang Diknas. (2007). Panduan kebijakan pemanfaatan hasil UN untuk perbaikan mutu pendidikan [Guidelines on National Examination Utilization Policy for Education Quality Improvement]. Jakarta: Depdiknas Jakarta.

Basith, A. (2011). Hubungan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Matapelajaran IPA pada Siswa Kelas IV SD dengan Strategi Pembelajaran Jigsaw dan Think Pair Share (TPS) [The Correlation Between Metacognitive Skills and Science Learning Results of Class IV Students of Elementary Schools Experiencing Jigsaw and Think Pair Share (TPS) Learning Strategies]. (Unpublished thesis). Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Bjork, E. L., & R. A. Bjork (Eds.). (1996). Memory. Handbook of Perception and Cognition (2nd ed.). California: Academic Press.

Bogdan, J. R. (2000). Minding minds: evolving a reflexive mind by interpreting others. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Corebima, A. D. (2006, August). Pembelajaran Biologi yang Memberdayakan Kemampuan Berpikir Siswa [Biology Learning which empowers Student Thinking Skills]. Paper presented at Pelatihan Strategi Metakognitif pada Pembelajaran Biologi untuk Guru-guru Biologi SMA, Lembaga Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LKPM), Palangkaraya.

Corebima, A. D. (2016). Pembelajaran Biologi di Indonesia Bukan untuk Hidup [Biology Learning in Indonesia is not for Life]. Proceeding Biology Education Conference, 13(1), 8-22.

Coutinho, S. A. (2007). The relationship between goals, metacognition, and academic success. Educate, 7(1), 39-47.

Dahar, R. W. (1991). Teori- Teori Belajar [Learning Theories]. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Dawson, T. L. (2008). Metacognition and Learning in Adulthood Leadership Development. Northampton: Developmental Testing Service. Retrieved from https://dts.lectica.org/PDF/Metacognition.pdf.

Ellis, H., & Hunt, R. R. (1993). Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology (5th ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: Wm C. Brown Communications.

Fauziyah, D. R. (2013). Hubungan Keterampilan Metakognitif terhadap Hasil Belajar Biologi dan Retensi Siswa Kelas X dengan Penerapan Strategi Pembelajaran Think Pair Share di SMA Negeri 6 Malang [The Correlation of metacognitive Skills toward Biology Learning Results and Retention of Class X Students at the Implementation of Think Pair Share Learning Strategy in Senior High School 6 Malang]. (Unpublished thesis). Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Flavell, J. H., Miller, P. H., & Miller, S. A. (1991). Cognitive Development. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Gustian, E. (2002). Menangani Anak Underachiever [Taking in hand Underachiever Children]. Jakarta: Puspa Swara.

Hitipeuw, I. (2009). Belajar dan Pembelajaran [Teaching and Learning]. Malang: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan. Universitas Negeri Malang.

Howard. J. B. (2004). Metacognitive Inquiry. Greensboro, NC: Elon University School of Education. Retrieved from https://org.elon.edu/t2project/pdf_docs/sp_metacognitive.pdf.

Kayashima, M., & Inaba, A. (2003). The Model of Metacognitive Skill and How to Facilitate Development of The Skill. Japan: Osaka University. Retrieved from https://www.ei.sanken.osaka-uac.jp/pub/ina/kaya-icce03.pdf.

Lahey, B. B. (2007). Psychology: An Introduction (9th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

Muhiddin, P. (2012). Integrasi Problem Based Learning dengan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Jigsaw dan Kemampuan Akademik Terhadap Metakognisi, Berpikir Kritis, Pemahaman Konsep, dan Retensi Mahasiswa pada Perkuliahan Biologi Dasar di FMIPA UNM Makssar [The Effect of Integration of Problem Based Learning and Jigsaw Cooperative Learning and Academic Ability Toward Metacognition, Critical Thinking, Concept Gaining, and Retention in Basic Biology Lecture in Mathematics and Science Faculty of UNM Makassar]. (Unpublished Dissertation). Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UM, Malang.

Nurisya, K., Corebima, D., A., & Rohman, F. (2017). Analisis Perbandingan Hubungan antara Keterampilan Metakognitif terhadap Hasil Belajar dan Retensi Siswa SMA pada Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Problem Based Learning (PBL) [Comparative Analysis of Relationship between metacognitive Skills toward Biology Learning Results and Retention of Senior High School Students in Biology Learning based on Problem Based Learning (PBL) Strategy]. Jurnal Pendidikan, 2(2), 51-56.

O’Malley, M. J., & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge University Press.

O’Neil H. F., & Brown, R. S. (1997). Deferential Effect of Question Format Assessment on Metacognitive and Affect. Los Angeles. University of California: CRESS-CSE.

Sanjaya, H. W. (2008). Faktor- faktor yang Mempengaruhi Hasil Belajar [The Factors affecting Learning Results]. Prenada: Jakarta.

Santrock, J. (2007). Child development. New York: McGraw Hill.

Slavin, R. E. (1993). Educational Psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Sternberg, R. J. (2006). Cognitive Psychology (4th ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace.

Tapilow, F., & Wawan S. (2008). Meningkatkan Pemahaman dan Retensi Siswa Melalui Pembelajaran Berbasis Teknologi Multimedia Interaktif (Studi Empirik pada Konsep Sistem Saraf) [Improving Student Understanding and Retention Through Interactive Multimedia Technology-based Learning (Empirical Study on the Concept of Nervous System)]. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi, 1(2), 19-26.

Tola, B. (2008, May). Peningkatan mutu pendidikan melalui UN [Improving the quality of education through National Examination]. Paper presented at Diskusi Publik KAHMI ”Tantangan Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Nasional”, tanggal.

Wellman, H. (1985). The Origins of Metacognition. In D. L. Forrest-Pressley, G. E. MacKinnon, & T. G. Waller (Eds.), Metacognition, Cognition and Human Performance. Volume 1 - Theoretical Perspectives (Chapter 1). Academic Press.

Winkel, W. S. (2004). Psikologi Pengajaran [Teaching Psychology]. Yogyakarta: Media Abadi.

Zen, A. R. (2010). Hubungan Keterampilan Metakognitif dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar (SD) Dalam Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan Inkuiri [The Correlation between metacognitive Skills and Learning Results of Class IV Elementary School Students in Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Inquiry]. (Unpublished thesis). Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang.

Announcement

COPE Membership

Cope logo. 

Educational Process: International Journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). 

Call for Papers

EDUPIJ is calling for submissions to the Volume 7, Issue 4, 2018. Submission Deadline: October 31, 2018.