Volume 9 Issue 2 (2020)

Health Education and Movement-Related Activities in Youth Work: Estonian Youth Workers’ Opinions and Experiences

pp. 103-121  |  Published Online: June 2020  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2020.92.3

Marelle Grünthal-Drell and Maarika Veigel

Abstract

Several research studies have revealed that Estonia’s youth are characterized by poor health indicators and decreasing levels of physical activity. Therefore it has become important to pay more attention to these topics within the context of youth work. Adult learner experiences, and their preparation and practice at university have a great deal of influence on their future choices. The aim of this research was to ascertain the importance of health education in the opinion of youth workers, including the importance of movement-related activities in youth work, and the readiness to communicate these topics to young people. The following research questions were formulated: (1) How do youth workers assess the development of skills related to health awareness and movement-related activities during their university studies?; (2) What is the role of, and what characterizes health education and movement-related activities in everyday youth work? Semi-structured interviews were conducted individually with 15 Estonian youth worker specialists. The data was analyzed by means of inductive content analysis. The research results revealed that the acquisition of practical skills is very important for youth workers. It also became apparent that youth workers deal with health education on a daily basis. Movement-related activities are very often considered a priority by youth centers. It may be assumed that the preparation of students graduating from university is insufficient and that they feel insecure when starting work.

Keywords: Health education, movement-related activities, physical activity, youth work, young people.

References

Aasvee, K., & Rahno, J. (Eds.). (2015). Eesti kooliõpilaste tervisekäitumise uuring 2013/2014. õppeaasta. Retrieved from https://intra.tai.ee//images/prints/documents/144776947825_HBSC_2014_kogumik.pdf

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. London, United Kingdom: Sage.

Crews, F., He, J., & Hodge C. (2007). Adolescent cortical development: A critical period of vulnerability for addiction. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 86(2), 189-199.

Eesti spordipoliitika põhialused aastani 2030. [The fundamentals of Estonian sports policy until 2030]. (2015). RT III, 20.02.2015, 2, 2-3. Retrieved 19/06/2018, from https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/320022015002

Elo, S., & Kyngäs, H. (2008). The Qualitative Content Analysis Process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62, 107-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x

Euroopa noortevaldkonna uuendatud koostööraamistik 2010–2018. [A Renewed European Framework for Cooperation in the Youth Field]. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.enl.ee/UserFiles/Organisatsiooni%20tekstid/noortepoliitika/noortevaldkonna_uuendatud_koostooraamistik_2010-2018.pdf

European Commission (2018). Youth work. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/youth/policy/implementation/work_en

Fox, S. E., Levitt, P., & Nelson, C. A. (2010). How the timing and quality of early experiences influence the development of brain architecture. Child development, 81(1), 28-40.

Greeno, J. G. (1998). The situativity of knowing, learning, and research. American Psychologist, 53(1), 5-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.53.1.5

Grünthal-Drell, M., & Veigel, M. (2015). Young People of the Importance of Healthy Eating and Informing. In V. Lubkin, S. Usca, & A. Zvaigzne (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference Society, integration, education (pp. 530-538). Latvia: Rezekne. http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2015vol3.471

Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi aasta-analüüs 2016. Kokkuvõte. [Annual research of the Ministry of Education and Research 2016. Summary] (2016). Retrieved from https://www.hm.ee/sites/default/files/htm-aa-kokkuvote.pdf

Hirsjärvi, S., Remes, P., & Sajavaara, P. (2007). Uuri ja kirjuta [Explore and write]. Tallinn: Medicina

Janson, T. (2001). Tervisekasvatus tervise edendamise osana [Health education as a part of health promotion]. Retrieved from https://www.ut.ee/tervis/aastateema/artiklid/teredos.htm

Jõgi, L., Karu, K., & Krabi, K. (2015). Rethinking teaching and teaching practice at university in a lifelong learning context. International Review of Education. Journal of Lifelong Learning, 61, 61-77. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11159-015-9467-z

Kalmus, V., Masso, A., & Linno, M. (2015). Sotsiaalse analüüsi meetodite ja metodoloogia õpibaas [Learning outcomes of social analysis methods and methodology]. Retrieved from http://samm.ut.ee/kvalitatiivne-sisuanalyys

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. London: Sage.

Kvale, S. (2006). Dominance through Interviews and Dialogues. Qualitative Inquiry, 12(3), 480-500. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800406286235

Laherand, M.-L. (2008). Kvalitatiivne uurimisviis. [Qualitative research], 177-193, 291. Tallinn: Infotrükk.

Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991) Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University.

Levitt, D., & Moorhead, H. (2013). Values and ethics in counseling. Real-life ethical decision making. New York, NY: Routledge.

Marks, D. F., Murray, M., Evans, B., Willing, C., Woodall, C., & Sykes, C. M. (2005). Health Psychology Theory, Research and Practice. Second edition. London, United Kingdom: Sage.

Mezirow, J. (2009). An overview on transformative learning. Contemporary theories of learning: In Their Own Words, 90. New York, NY: Routledge.

Mitteformaalne.ee (2018). Retrieved 18/01/2018, from http://mitteformaalne.ee/mitteformaalne-oppimine/

Noorsootöö eriala õppekavad 2013-2016/2017 [Curricula for the youth work speciality in 2013-2016/2017]. Tallinna Ülikooli Õppeinfosüsteem. Retrieved from https://ois2.tlu.ee/tluois/uus_ois2.tud_leht

Noorsootöö seadus [Youth Work Act]. (2010). RT I 2010, 44, 262. Retrieved from https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/NTS

Noorsootöötaja Kutsestandard [Youth Work Occupational Standard]. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.kutsekoda.ee/et/kutseregister/kutsestandardid/10452122/pdf/noorsootootaja-tase-6.4.et.pdf

Noortevaldkonna arengukava 2014-2020 (2013) [Youth Work Development Plan 2014-2020]. Retrieved from https://www.entk.ee/sites/default/files/arengukava%202014_2020.pdf

Paabort, H. (2013). Noorsootöö noortekeskuses [Youth work at youth centres]. In M. Valge (Ed.), Noorsootöö õpik. Tallinn, Estonia: Archimedes.

Raadik, S. (2009). Õpime õues mängides [Learning to play outside]. Tallinn, Estonia: Ilo.

Rahvastiku tervise arengukava 2009-2020 [Public Health Development Plan 2009-2020] (2008). Retrieved from https://www.sm.ee/et/tervis

Rahvatervise seadus [Public Health Act]. (2014). RT I 1995, 57, 978. Retrieved from https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/115032014043

Smith, J. A., Flowers, P., & Larkin, M. (2009). Interpretative phenomenological analysis: theory, method and research. London, United Kingdom: Sage.

Streimann, K., Hansen, S., & Pertel, T. (2011). Räägime tervisest! Juhendmaterjal noorsootöötajatele [Let’s talk about health! A guide for youth workers]. Tallinn, Estonia: Tervise Arengu Instituut.

Tallinna Spordi- ja Noorsooamet (2016). Tallinna 18+ ja riskiohus olevate noorte osalemine noorsootöös. Uuringu kokkuvõte [Participation of 18+ and young people at risk in Tallinn youth work]. Retrieved from http://www.tallinn.ee/Tallinna-18-ja-riskiohus-noorte-osalemine-noorsootoos

Tervise Arengu Instituut. (2017). Toitumine. Ülekaal [Nutrition. Overweight]. Retrieved from http://toitumine.ee/kehakaal/ulekaal

Varava, L., Pitsi, T., & Oja, L. (2010). Tervis ja terviseteadlikkus läbi toitumis- ja liikumismängude. [Health and health awareness through nutrition and movement games]. Tallinn, Estonia: Tervise Arengu Instituut.

Veigel, M. (2015). Formation of youth worker’s professionalism: problems in Estonia. Problems of education in the 21st Century, 68, 84-96.

Announcement

EDUPIJ is indexed in ERIC now.

We are delighted to announce that Educational Process: International Journal has been included in ERIC - Education Resources Information Center (Coverage: Volume 8, 2019 & forward).

-----------------------------------------

EDUPIJ is included in The Philosopher’s Index (Coverage: Volume 5, 2016 & forward).

The Philosopher’s Index is the premiere bibliographic database covering worldwide research in all subject areas of philosophy.

Thank you so much to the editorial board members, authors and reviewers for their contribution to Educational Process: International Journal.