Volume 8 Issue 3 (2019)

Exploring Parents’ and Teachers’ Perspectives about School-Based Sexuality Education in a Multicultural Context: A Case Study in Mauritius

pp. 185-195  |  Published Online: October 2019  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2019.83.3

Wajiihah Banu Shah Emambokus and Brinda Oogarah-Pratap

Abstract

The importance of school-based Sexuality Education (SE) programs is widely recognized. Effective implementation of such programs require that due consideration be given to sociocultural factors that can constitute enablers and potential barriers. Numerous research studies on these aspects have been conducted in developed countries. However, there is a lack of such studies in developing countries, especially studies involving school-aged adolescents from a multicultural context and from socioeconomically deprived areas. Therefore, this small-scale study uses a qualitative approach to research conducted in Mauritius, a developing country with a significantly multicultural population, and where SE is addressed in a fragmented manner within the school curriculum, despite changes noted in the sexual behaviors of the country’s adolescents. The aim of the study was to explore parents’ and teachers’ perspectives of sociocultural factors that can act as enabling factors or potential barriers. The study involved semi-structured interviews of two parents and two teachers selected through purposive sampling at a secondary school which has students from diverse cultural backgrounds and mostly from socioeconomically deprived areas. Analysis of the interview transcripts revealed that the enabling factors were perceived as the importance of school-based SE by parents and teachers, contribution of external organizations, and a two-way communication process with adolescents. The potential barriers were perceived as a resistance from some teachers and students, the gender of the parent, and religion. Generation gap and ICT were found to be both enablers and barriers. The findings have implications for the design and implementation of school-based SE within a multicultural context and pave the way for similar studies on a larger scale.

Keywords: School-based sexuality education, adolescents, multicultural, enablers, barriers

References

Bromley, D. B. (1986). The case-study method in psychology and related disciplines. New York: Wiley.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education (6th ed.). New York: Routledge.

Fakun, N. (2016, July 25). Youth debate: Sex Education at school. Defimedia.

Dienye, V. (2011). The educational and social Implications of Sexuality and Sex Education in Nigerian schools. African Journal of Social Sciences, 1(2), 11-19.

Filbert, K. M., & Flynn, R. J. (2010). Developmental and cultural assets and resilient outcomes in First Nations young people in care: An initial test of an exploratory model. Children and Youth Services Review, 32(4), 560-564.

Godswill, J. (2012). Education and sexuality: Towards addressing adolescents’ reproductive health needs in Nigeria. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4(4), 285-293.

Hald, G., & Mulya, T. (2013). Pornography consumption and non-marital sexual behavior in a sample of young Indonesian University student. An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Car, 15(8), 981-996.

Hallgarten, L. (2010). It’s All One Curriculum: Guidelines and activities for a united approach in sexuality, gender, HIV, and human rights education. Reproductive Health Matters, 18(36), 191-193.

Khedo, K. K., Suntoo, R., Elaheebocus, S. M. R. A., & Mocktoolah, A. (2013). Impact of online social networking on youth: Case study of Mauritius. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 56(1), 1-7.

McLeod, A. (2008). Case study method. Simple Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/case-study.html

Mukoma, W., Flisher, A. J., Ahmed, N., Jansen, S., Mathews, C., Klepp, K. I., & Schaalma, H. (2009). Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 37(2_suppl), 37-47.

Netsanet, F., Assefa, T., Alemseged, F., & Ambaw, F. (2012). Parents' perception, students' and teachers' attitudes towards school sex education. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 22(2), 99-106.

Oshi, D. C, Nakalema, S., & Oshi, L. L. (2005). Cultural and social aspects of HIV-AIDS Sex Education in secondary schools on Nigeria. Journal of Biosocial Science, 37(2), 175-183.

Rambaree, K. (2011). Young People and Cybersex in a Sexually Conservative Society: A Case Study from Mauritius. In E. Dunkels, G. Franberg, & C. Hallgren (Eds.), Youth Culture and Net Culture: Online Social Practices (pp. 171-189). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-60960-209-3.ch010

Reeuwijk, M., & Nahar, P. (2013). The importance of a positive approach to sexuality in sexual health programmes for unmarried adolescents in Bangladesh. Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41), 69-77.

Tang, V. T. (2018). Development and Sustainable Growth of Mauritius. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Tripathi, N., & Sekher, T. V. (2013). Youth in India ready for sex education? Emerging evidence from national surveys. PLoS One, 8(8), e71584. Retrieved from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0071584

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). (2009). International technical guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-Informed approach for schools, teachers and health teachers. Paris, France: UNESCO section on HIV and AIDS.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). (2013). Young people today, time to act now: Why adolescents and young people need comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services in Eastern and Southern Africa. Paris, France: UNESCO

Vaismoradi, M., Jones, J., Turunen, H., & Snelgrove, S. (2016). Theme development in qualitative content analysis and thematic analysis. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 6(5), 100-110.

World Health Organisation (WHO). (2014). Mauritius global school-based student health survey 2011. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Announcement

COPE Membership

Cope logo. 

Educational Process: International Journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).