Relationship between Impulsivity, Social Media Usage and Loneliness
pp. 106-115 | Published Online: March 2016 | DOI: 10.12973/edupij.2016.52.2
Mustafa Savci, Ferda Aysan
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between impulsivity, social media usage, and loneliness and to test the structural hypothetical model developed based on the literature. The study was conducted on 307 (164 female, 143 male) university students. Data collection instruments of the study were the Barratt Impulsivity Scale Short Form (BIS-11-SF), Social Media Usage Scale (SMUS), and UCLA Loneliness Scale Short Form (ULS-8). The measurement models of the latent variables were tested initially and it was observed that the scales of the latent variables were efficient enough to be included in the structural equation model. In addition, the suggested hypothetical model was tested. According to the analysis, it was observed that impulsivity directly, positively and significantly predicts social media usage, that social media usage directly, positively and significantly predicts loneliness, and that impulsivity indirectly, positively and significantly predicts loneliness.
Keywords: impulsivity, social media usage, loneliness, Facebook, TwitterReferences
Akin, A., Ozbay, A., & Baykut, I. (2015). The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the social Media Use Integration Scale.Journal of International Social Research,8(38), 628-633.
Beard, K. W., & Wolf, E. M. (2001). Modification in the proposed diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4(3), 377-383.
Cao, F., Su, L., Liu, T., & Gao, X. (2007). The relationship between impulsivity and Internet addiction in a sample of Chinese adolescents.European Psychiatry,22(7), 466-471.
Chamberlain, S. R., & Sahakian, B. J. (2007). The neuropsychiatry of impulsivity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20, 255-261.
Chou, C., & Hsiao, M. C. (2000). Internet addiction, usage, gratification, and pleasure experience: The Taiwan college student’s case. Computers and Education, 35, 65-80.
Cokluk, O., Sekercioglu, G., & Buyukozturk, S. (2012). Sosyal bilimler icin cok degiskenli SPSS ve LISREL uygulamalari (2nd ed.). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayinlari.
Colak, I., Altinkurt, Y., & Yilmaz, K. (2014). The Relationship between Teachers’ Teacher Leadership Roles and Organizational Commitment Levels. Educational Process: International Journal, 3(1-2), 35-51.
Cyders, M. A., & Smith, G. A. (2008). Emotion-based dispositions to rash action: Positive and negative urgency. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 807-828.
Demir, Y., & Kutlu, M. (2015). Sosyal etkilesim kaygisi ile mutluluk arasindaki iliski: Yalnizligin araci rolu. VII. Uluslararasi sosyal bilimler egitimi kongresi, Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli Universitesi, Nevsehir.
Fujisawa, T. X., Nishitani, S., Ishii, S., & Shinohara, K. (2010). Differential modulation of impulsive behavior by loneliness and testosterone in adolescent females.Neuro Endocrinology Letters,32(6), 836-840.
Hamama, R., Ronen, T., & Feigin, R. (2000). Self-control, anxiety, and loneliness in siblings of children with cancer.Social Work in Health Care,31(1), 63-83.
Hays, R. D., & DiMatteo, M. R. (1987). A Short-Form Measure of Loneliness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51(1), 69-81.
Ho, M. Y., Mobini, S., Chiang, T. J., Bradshaw, C. M., & Szabadi, E. (1999). Theory and method in the quantitative analysis of “impulsive choice” behaviour: Implications for psychopharmacology. Psychopharmacology, 146(4), 362-372.
Hollander, E., & Evers, M. (2001). New developments in impulsivity. Lancet, 358, 949-950.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55.
Jenkins-Guarnieri, M. A., Wright, S. L., & Johnson, B. (2013). Development and validation of a Social Media Use Integration Scale.Psychology of Popular Media Culture,2(1), 38-50.
Kim, J., LaRose, R., & Peng, W. (2009). Loneliness as the cause and the effect of problematic internet use: The relationship between internet use and psychological well-being. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 12(4), 451-455.
Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. USA: Guilford Press.
Kuss, D. R., & Griffiths, M. D. (2011). Online social networking and addiction: A review of the psychological literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(9), 3528-3552.
LaRose, R., Eastin, M. S., & Gregg, J. (2001). Reformulating the internet paradox: Social cognitive explanations of internet use and depression. Journal of Online Behavior, 1(2), n.p.
Morahan-Martin, J., & Schumacher, P. (2000). Incidence and correlates of pathological Internet use among college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 16(1), 13-29.
Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(6), 768-774.
Petrie, H., & Gunn, D. (1998). Internet ‘‘addiction”: The effects of sex, age, depression and introversion. In British psychological society London conference (Vol. 15). London.
Shaw, L. H., & Gant, L. M. (2002). In defense of the internet: The relationship between internet communication and depression, loneliness, self-esteem, and perceived social support. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 5, 157-171.
Spinella, M. (2007). Normative data and a short form of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale.International Journal of Neuroscience,117(3), 359-368.
Sumer, N. (2000). Yapisal esitlik modelleri: Temel kavramlar ve ornek uygulamalar.Turk Psikoloji Yazilari,3(6), 49-74.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics. (4th ed.). USA: Allyn & Bacon.
Tamam, L., Gulec, H., & Karatas, G. (2013). Barratt Durtusellik Olçegi Kisa Formu (BIS-11-KF) Turkce uyarlama calismasi.Archives of Neuropsychiatry/Noropsikiatri Arsivi,50(2), 130-134.
Tokunaga, R. S., & Rains, S. A. (2010). An evaluation of two characterizations of the relationships between problematic internet use, time spent using the internet, and psychosocial problems. Human Communication Research, 36(4), 512-545.
Turkmen, M. (2016). Violence in Animated Feature Films: Implications for Children. Educational Process: International Journal, 5(1), 22-37.
Vitaro, F., Arseneault, L., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). Impulsivity predicts problem gambling in low SES adolescent males.Addiction,94(4), 565-575.
Weiser, E. B. (2001). The functions of internet use and their social and psychological consequences. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4, 723-743.
Whang, L. S., Lee, S., & Chang, G. (2003). Internet over-users’ psychological profiles: A behavior sampling analysis on Internet addiction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6, 143-150.
Wu, A., Cheung, V., Ku, L., & Hung, E. (2013). Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users.Journal of behavioral addictions,2(3), 160-166.
Yildiz, M. A., & Duy, B. (2014). Adaptation of the Short-Form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) to Turkish for the adolescents. Dusunen Adam: Journal of Psychiatry & Neurological Sciences, 27(3), 194-203.
Young, K. S., & Roger, R. C. (1998). The relationship between depression and Internet addiction. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 1, 25-28.
Zhou, S. X. (2010). Gratifications, loneliness, leisure boredom and self-esteem as predictors of SNS-game addiction and usage pattern among Chinese college students. (Doctoral dissertation). The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Call for Papers
EDUPIJ is calling for submissions to the Volume 8, Issue 2, 2019. Submission Deadline: March 31, 2019.
Note: Currently, the issue of EDUPIJ (Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2019) is being prepared for publication by the Editorial Office.